Academic-Related Services


Academic papers have four purposes:  meeting the requirements of an assignment; building your own body of knowledge; establishing a foundation for your further research; and contributing to the scholarship.

The standards of academic writing are intellectual integrity, objective enquiry, credible research, and critical evaluation.  Those standards are rigorous and comprise the bulk of your work.  The organization of your writing–the most effective way you can present your information–is equally important, and depends on purpose and audience consideration.  Further, as a graduate or an undergraduate student, you are required to follow one of the stylistic conventions, e.g., APA or the Chicago Manual of Style.  In other words, you have a lot to do and the bar is high!

Enhancing Your Credibility 

Errors, no matter how minor, negatively impact your legitimacy.  You want to be perceived as authentic, knowledgeable, and trustworthy.  As a professional editor with laudable credentials, I can help you establish credibility with your audience.  Although separating yourself and your ego from your own writing is difficult, it is necessary in order for you to benefit from constructive criticism.


Editing is intrinsically a process of offering advice and suggestions to the client. While I will make every effort to bring questionable material to your attention, you agree to indemnify and save me harmless from any and all claims or demands, including legal fees, arising out of any alleged libel or copyright infringement committed by you in creating the work.

What is the difference between proofreading and editing?

Proofreading involves checking for and correcting mistakes of form, e.g., misspellings, grammatical and punctuation errors, parallel construction problems, diction (word choice), syntax (sentence construction), number disagreement, dangling participles,  and unclear referents.

Editing is much more complex and time-consuming.  Editors focus on audience consideration, voice, tone, clarity, cohesion, and consistency.  Feedback from an experienced editor often provides new ideas and perspectives.  Your purpose in communication is to reach (to inform, persuade, and/or entertain) your target audience.  When you identify and describe your primary and secondary audiences to me and we discuss your purpose and goals, I will re-frame your copy to help you reach those specific readers.


  1. You explain the nature and scope of your project.
  2. You identify the purpose of your project and its target audience.
  3. You send me your project, which I then read in its entirety without charge.
  4. You agree to indemnify me against any intellectual property infringement your writing may contain.
  5. We work collaboratively to identify your needs and to determine the level of services you require.
  6. I assess the complexity and level of work required, the time it would take, and whether we’re a good fit.
  7. I provide an estimate of cost.
  8. We agree on services and fees.
  9. I provide services.
  10. I return your project with changes tracked.
  11. You review and, if satisfied, accept changes.
  12. Depending on the outcome of 11 (above), I modify the document and re-submit it to you.
  13. I send you a summary of my work.